There is a specific taxation of groups within the CEMAC area.
Where a joint stock company and a private limited company own either registered stock in a joint stock company or shares in a private limited company, the net proceeds of the share in the second company paid to the first during the financial year shall be deducted from the total net profit of the latter, less a percentage for costs and charges. This percentage is fixed at 10% of the total amount of the proceeds. This system shall apply when all of the following conditions are met:
- The stocks or shares owned by the parent establishment represent at least 50% of the capital of the subsidiary firm.
- The parent and subsidiary firms have their registered office in a CEMAC state (i.e. Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Republic of Congo).
- The stocks or shares allotted at the time of issue are still registered in the name of the participating company that undertakes to retain them for at least two consecutive years in registered form.
The Tax Code acknowledges that dependent or controlled companies may transfer benefits indirectly to their company abroad it is dependent on or to the company abroad it is controlled by.
In order to calculate the real benefit, the indirectly transferred benefits (by means of increase of purchase price or decrease of sales price to the controlling company or by any other means) are incorporated into the result established by the accounts.
If the tax administration does not have enough precise elements to determine the benefit, it will establish the taxable benefit by way of comparison to companies normally operated in Chad.
The Tax Code provides further, in accordance with CEMAC regulation, that interest paid to shareholders on sums that they lend over and above their share capital is deductible at the rate for loans allowed by the central bank increased by two percentage points. This deduction is only possible if the amounts lent do not exceed 50% of the share capital.
Transfer pricing documentation requirements
From fiscal year 2018, companies are subject to transfer pricing documentation requirements. Transfer pricing documentation requirements concern:
- Any company under the control of companies located outside of Chad.
- Any company related to enterprises located outside of Chad.
- Any company having control of companies located outside of Chad.
Branches and PEs are within the scope of the said requirement.
Transfer pricing documentation applies to any transaction between related entities and shall contained:
- General information concerning the group of associated companies:
- General description of the legal and operational structures of the group of associated companies.
- Identification and geographical location of associated companies engaged in intragroup transactions during the financial year.
- Specific information concerning the Chadian company:
- Description of transactions with other associates during the year, including the nature of the transactions and their amounts.
- Identification and geographical location of the group companies involved in the transactions.
- Presentation of the main competitive price method used and changes during the year.
The thin capitalisation rules apply to companies subject to corporate tax and to advance of funds or receivables granted by shareholders.
The deductibility of interest paid to shareholders is limited by two rules:
- Interest rate limitation: Interest incurred on advances of funds granted by all shareholders is tax deductible up to the rate of the Central Africa Community Bank plus 2.
- Equity ratio: The amount of advance of funds does not exceed 1.5 times the equity. This equity ratio applies only to shareholders that control the management of the entity.
Controlled foreign companies (CFCs)
There are no provisions relating to CFCs in Chad.