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Nigeria Overview

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Nigeria, a country located in West Africa along the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean, is a federal constitutional republic comprised of 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. English is the official language of Nigeria, and its currency is the Nigerian naira (NGN).

Nigeria became the largest economy in Africa after rebasing in 2014. The gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated at 373 billion United States dollars (USD) for 2017 based on the information available from the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics.

As a developing country, Nigeria has been recognised by prominent members of the global investment community and economists as an up-and-coming market with tremendous growth potential over the next decades. A member of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) since 1971, Nigeria ranks as the largest oil producer in Africa and the 11th largest in the world. In addition to oil and gas, Nigeria has vast underexploited mineral resources, including coal, bauxite, gold, and iron ore. The country's natural resources have attracted the attention of the super major oil and gas companies as well as businesses in allied industries, including oil field equipment and services, transportation and logistics, and petrochemicals and plastics.

As the seventh most populous country in the world, Nigeria is also rapidly expanding its infrastructure and witnessing foreign and domestic investment from major players in the engineering and construction industry as well as the telecommunications sector. The financial services segment also continues to expand in Nigeria as international banks and investors look to capitalise on the expansion of the West African market.

Nigeria’s tax compliance rate is significantly low, at 10% based on the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) figures, compared to other countries. The present administration is currently pursuing tax reforms that are geared towards achieving a business friendly environment and simplified tax administration. The Federal Government of Nigeria established the Presidential Enabling Business Environment Council (PEBEC), which was constituted by the President in August 2016, to address issues associated with the ease of doing business in Nigeria. As part of its commitment to achieving its objective of creating a conducive business environment in Nigeria, some of its initiatives with regards to paying taxes include:

  • Automatic registration for taxes upon incorporation.
  • Implementation of an Integrated Tax Administration System (ITAS) that will enable taxpayers to file tax returns and pay their taxes online. This has commenced but is being implemented in phases.
  • Reforms in the FIRS to ensure that issues raised by taxpayers are dealt with on a timely basis.
  • Obligation of the FIRS to issue tax clearance certificates (TCCs) to qualifying taxpayers not later than two weeks from the date of application.

Based on Nigeria’s 2016 Budget presentation, the country’s tax-to-GDP ratio is estimated at 6.1%. The proposed reforms include a risk-based approach to enforcement of tax compliance. The Federal Government of Nigeria approved a new National Tax Policy in February 2017, which currently recommends a reduction in corporate income tax rates for small businesses, progressive personal income tax rates, and an increase in the value-added tax (VAT) rate for luxury items, amongst others. The National Tax Policy covers the tax incentive regime, tax morality, and transfer pricing, encouraging voluntary compliance and reducing the cost of tax collection.

PwC has been operating in Nigeria since 1953 through its predecessor firms of Coopers & Lybrand and Price Waterhouse. We are one of the leading professional services firms in Nigeria, with offices in Lagos, Abuja, and Port-Harcourt, over 1,000 staff, and 26 resident partners.

We are committed to serving as a force for integrity, good sense, and wise solutions to the problems facing our clients. We are guided by one promise: to do what is right, be it with our people, clients, community, or environment. Our clients range from the biggest, most complex global establishments to smaller, newer businesses both privately owned and those in the public domain. Our Tax services meet the needs and requirements of each client, irrespective of size or location.

Last Reviewed - 19 December 2018

Contacts, News and Downloads
Nigeria contacts
Taiwo Oyedele Title = Taiwo Oyedele width=55px
Taiwo OyedelePartner / Head of Tax & Regulatory Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50002
Russell Eastaugh Title = Russell Eastaugh width=55px
Russell EastaughPartner / Director General Tax Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50001
Emuesiri Agbeyi Title = Emuesiri Agbeyi width=55px
Emuesiri AgbeyiPartner / Director Tax and Private Wealth Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50006
Kenneth Erikume Title = Kenneth Erikume width=55px
Kenneth ErikumePartner / Director Tax Reporting & Strategy+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50004
Moshood Olajide Title = Moshood Olajide width=55px
Moshood OlajidePartner / Director Tax, Regulatory Compliance, and Advisory+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50005
Seun Adu Title = Seun Adu width=55px
Seun AduPartner / Director Tax and Transfer Pricing+234 1 271 1700 ext. 52001
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