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Nigeria Corporate - Withholding taxes

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WHT is applicable on specified transactions as indicated below. There is no distinction between the WHT rates for resident companies or individuals and non-resident companies or individuals.

Types of payment WHT for companies (%) WHT for individuals (%)
Dividends, interest, and rents 10 10
Directors fees N/A 10
Hire of equipment 10 10
Royalties 10 5
Commission, consultancy, technical, service fees 10 5
Management fees 10 5
Construction/building (excluding survey, design, and deliveries) 5 5
Contracts other than sales in the ordinary course of business 5 5

The period for filing WHT is 21 days after the duty to deduct arose for deductions from companies.

The penalty for failure to deduct or remit tax is 10% of the amount not deducted/remitted.

Note that companies are required to submit, in electronic form, a schedule of all their suppliers for the month showing the tax identification number (TIN), address of the suppliers, the nature of the transaction, WHT deducted, and invoice number.

Double tax treaties (DTTs)

Nigeria has DTTs with the countries listed in the table below. Nigeria also has tax treaties with Kenya, Mauritius, and Poland; however, these treaties have not been ratified by the Nigerian National Assembly. The tax treaties with South Korea, Spain, and Sweden are still in the process of being ratified.

Recipient WHT (%)
Dividend Interest Royalties Management/Technical fees
Non-treaty 10 10 10 10
Treaty:        
Belgium 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
China 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Czech Republic 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
France 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Netherlands 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Pakistan 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Philippines 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Romania 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Slovakia 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
South Africa 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
South Korea * 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Spain 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
Sweden * 7.5 7.5 7.5 10
United Kingdom 7.5 7.5 7.5 10

* The tax treaties with South Korea and Sweden are still being ratified.


Last Reviewed - 19 December 2018

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Nigeria contacts
Taiwo Oyedele Title = Taiwo Oyedele width=55px
Taiwo OyedelePartner / Head of Tax & Regulatory Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50002
Russell Eastaugh Title = Russell Eastaugh width=55px
Russell EastaughPartner / Director General Tax Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50001
Emuesiri Agbeyi Title = Emuesiri Agbeyi width=55px
Emuesiri AgbeyiPartner / Director Tax and Private Wealth Services+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50006
Kenneth Erikume Title = Kenneth Erikume width=55px
Kenneth ErikumePartner / Director Tax Reporting & Strategy+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50004
Moshood Olajide Title = Moshood Olajide width=55px
Moshood OlajidePartner / Director Tax, Regulatory Compliance, and Advisory+234 1 271 1700 ext. 50005
Seun Adu Title = Seun Adu width=55px
Seun AduPartner / Director Tax and Transfer Pricing+234 1 271 1700 ext. 52001
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