Individual - Deductions

Last reviewed - 09 December 2022

Employment expenses

Employees are allowed a deduction for any expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in the performance of their duties, but no allowance is given for tax depreciation. Expenses of a private or domestic nature are expressly excluded from deduction; for example, the cost of hiring domestic servants to help in housekeeping while one is away at work is not deductible.

Subscriptions to associations related to the individual's profession are deductible.

Personal deductions

Non-business expenses, for example, domestic or household expenses and taxes, are not deductible.

Charitable contributions

Donations to approved institutions or organisations are deductible, subject to limits. 

Mortgage interest expenses

Mortgage interest incurred to finance the purchase of a house is deductible only if income is derived from the house.

Other personal deductions (reliefs)

Reliefs (YA 2022) Maximum (MYR)
Medical expenses:  
Parents: Medical treatment, special needs, and carer expenses. 8,000
Self, spouse, or child: Treatment of a serious disease, expenses incurred on fertility treatment, or vaccination up to MYR 1,000 (including medical examination fees and COVID-19 screening subject to a limit of MYR 1,000) 8,000
Disability-supporting equipment for the use of a disabled individual, spouse, child, or parent. 6,000
Approved pension/provident funds and insurance premiums:  
Pension/provident fund contributions by an individual. 4,000
Life insurance premiums for an individual and/or spouse's life. 3,000
Contributions made to Private Retirement Scheme and Deferred Annuity Scheme (from YA 2012 to YA 2025). 3,000
Premiums for insurance on education or for medical benefits incurred for the individual, spouse, or child. 3,000
Deposit under the National Education Savings Scheme (from YA 2012 to YA 2022). 8,000
Employee's contribution to SOCSO 350
Education fees for self:
  • for a course of study in Malaysia up to tertiary level undertaken to acquire law, accountancy, Islamic financing, technical, vocational, industrial, scientific, or technological skills (including fees for attending upskilling and self-enhancement courses, limited to MYR 2,000 [YA 2022 to YA 2023]), or
  • for a degree at Masters or Doctorate level for purposes of acquiring any skill or qualification.
Lifestyle relief as follows:
  • Purchase or subscription of books, journals, magazines, newspaper (including electronic newspapers), and other similar publications for the purpose of enhancing knowledge.
  • Purchase of personal computer, smartphone, or tablet.
  • Purchase of sports equipment and gym membership.
  • Internet subscription.
Additional relief for expenditure related to cost of purchasing sports equipment, entry/rental fees for sports facilities, and registration fees for sports competitions. 500
Special relief (in addition to lifestyle relief) for purchase of mobile phone, personal computer, or tablets (for YA 2020 to YA 2022). 2,500
Purchase of breastfeeding equipment once every two years (for women taxpayers only). 1,000
Fees paid to childcare centre and kindergarten (for child / children below six years old). Additional deduction of MYR 1,000 for YA 2020 to YA 2023 (increased maximum to MYR 3,000). 2,000
Special relief for domestic travelling expenses (until YA 2022):
  • Accommodation fees on a tourist accommodation premises registered with the Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture Malaysia.
  • Entrance fees to tourist attractions.

The above are also available to a spouse who is separately assessed.

Personal reliefs

The following personal reliefs can also be deducted in arriving at chargeable income of the resident individual for YA 2021:

Reliefs (YA 2021) MYR
Self 9,000
Spouse (under joint assessment) 4,000
For each child:  
Below 18 years of age 2,000
Over 18 years of age who is receiving full-time instruction (matriculation course / pre-degree / A-Level) 2,000
Over 18 years of age who is receiving full-time instruction at an establishment of higher education in Malaysia (at diploma level and higher) or outside Malaysia (at degree level and above), or serving under article of indentures in a trade or profession, provided certain conditions are met. 8,000
Self (additional) 6,000
Spouse (additional) 5,000
For each physically or mentally handicapped child 6,000
Additional relief if that child is over 18 and receiving higher education or studying under articles or indentures in a trade or profession. 8,000

The above are also available to a spouse who is separately assessed.