Nicaragua

Corporate - Taxes on corporate income

Last reviewed - 07 July 2020

Nicaragua has a territorial income tax system under which only income generated in, or that causes effects in, Nicaragua is generally subject to income tax. CIT is imposed on a corporation's profits, which consist of business/trading income, and passive income. Capital incomes and capital gains are subject to definitive WHT. General business expenses are allowed as a deduction in computing taxable income.

Corporate income tax (CIT) rate

CIT is levied only on domestic-sourced income at a flat rate of the higher of:

  • 30% of net taxable income (i.e. gross taxable income less allowed deductions), or
  • a definitive minimum tax of 1% to 3% on gross income obtained during the fiscal year.

If the company does not have net income, 30% of net income will not be greater than 1% to 3% of gross income.

The law establishes the following exceptions to the 1% to 3% definitive minimum tax:

  • First three fiscal periods of recently incorporated entities. For tax purposes, the beginning of business operations is when a company generates taxable income.
  • Taxpayers whose sales prices are controlled by the government.
  • Taxpayers that ceased operations on account of force majeure.
  • Investments subject to a period of development. The Treasury Ministry must approve such period.

Local income taxes

See Municipal sales and services tax in the Other taxes section.