The following tax credits are available for 2023 against the amount of tax due by tax residents:
- A fixed amount of EUR 600 and EUR 525, respectively, per dependant and ascendant living in the same household and who does not receive income higher than the minimum pension payable under the general regime. These amounts are increased by EUR 126 and EUR 110, respectively, for each dependant under three years of age by 31 December or if there is only one ascendant. If there is more than one dependant in the household, the deduction of EUR 600 is increased by EUR 300, applicable to the second and following dependants aged up to six years old (inclusive), regardless of the age of the oldest dependant.
Regarding the dependants who are included in more than one annual tax return, the amount of tax credit corresponds to 50% of that amount.
- General household expenses, corresponding to 35% of the amount of expenses incurred by any member of the household, limited to EUR 250 per taxpayer, whose taxpayer number is included in invoices for services or goods acquired in any sector of activity, provided these expenses are communicated to the Portuguese tax authorities, except for the sectors referenced below. Therefore, in case of joint tax returns, the limit referenced above is EUR 500. In the case of a single parent household, the credit is increased to 45% of the amount of expenses incurred by any member of the household, with a global limit of EUR 335.
- 15% of non-reimbursed health expenses exempt from VAT, or subject to VAT at a rate of 6%, communicated to the Portuguese tax authorities, up to a limit of EUR 1,000.
- 15% of the VAT incurred by any household member, included on invoices communicated to the Portuguese tax authorities, with a global limit of EUR 250, for services acquired in any of the following activity sectors:
- Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles, and related parts and accessories.
- Accommodation, restaurants, and similar food service activities.
- Hairdressers and beauty salons.
- Veterinary expenses (increased to 35% instead of 15% of the VAT).
- Sports and recreational activities, sports club, and gyms/fitness club expenses.
- 100% of the VAT incurred by any household member on monthly passes or tickets regarding the use of public transportation if included on invoices communicated to the tax authorities and also on invoices relating to the acquisition of subscriptions of periodical publications (newspapers and magazines), including digital ones (taxed at the reduced VAT rate).
- 20% of the amount of alimony paid, without limit (which will be subject to taxation at the same tax rate).
- 25% of the amount of donations made to central, regional, or local administration entities and foundations, without any limit, and limited to 15% in the case of donations made to other entities.
- 30% of the amount of expenses incurred in the education of any member of the household with a global limit of EUR 800 and with rented property, per member of the household aged 25 or under and who attends a recognised educational establishment located more than 50 km from the permanent residence of the household, with limit of EUR 300. If there are simultaneously these expenses, the limit is EUR 1,000 instead of EUR 800.
- 15% of the amount of expenses incurred with real-estate, namely, interest from loans taken up until 31 December 2011 and rents from leases of urban buildings and autonomous fractions for permanent habitation, with limits, respectively, of EUR 296 and EUR 502. These limits can be increased depending on the level of income.
- 25% of the amount of expenses incurred with retiring homes, with a global limit of EUR 403.75.
- 20% of contributions to individual retirement saving plans (Plano Poupança Reforma [PPR]), with the following limits:
- For taxpayers younger than 35 years old: EUR 400.
- For taxpayers between 35 and 50 years old: EUR 350.
- For taxpayers older than 50 years old: EUR 300.
- EUR 1,921.72 for individuals with disabilities.
- 20% of contributions made to individual accounts managed under a public capitalisation regime, with the following limits:
- For taxpayers younger than 35 years old: EUR 400.
- For taxpayers older than 35 years old: EUR 350.
Limit to the sum of credits to tax liability
|Taxable income by bracket||Limit to the sum of credits (1)|
|Taxable income included in the 1st bracket||Unlimited|
|Taxable income included in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th bracket||EUR 1,000 + [(2,500 - 1,000) * [(80,000 - taxable income) / (80,000 - 7,479)]]|
|Taxable income included in the 9th bracket||EUR 1,000|
- For households with three or more dependants, this limit is increased by 5% for each dependant not subject to PIT.
Non-habitual residents tax regime
A taxpayer who has become tax resident in Portugal for a certain year and has not been taxed as resident in Portugal for any of the previous five years may apply for the special tax regime for non-habitual tax residents.
In general terms, non-habitual residents are taxed at a flat rate of 20% in respect of employment income (Category A) and self-employment income (Category B) arising from high-value activities of a scientific, artistic, or technical nature.
A new list of high-value activities was published for 2020.
A tax exemption (with progression, depending on the category of income) applies on foreign-source income (e.g. property income, interest, and dividends), provided certain conditions are met. In most cases, capital gains on the sale of securities are taxable at a flat rate of 28%. In addition, a flat tax rate of 10% is applicable on pensions from a foreign source, as well as to other payments from pension funds and similar retirement schemes.
A non-habitual resident acquires the right to be taxed as such during a ten-year period.
An application for the non-habitual residents tax regime has to be submitted electronically by 31 March, inclusive, of the year following the year in which the taxpayer became tax resident in Portugal.