Corporate - Other issues

Last reviewed - 30 May 2024

Exchange of information (EOI)

Generally, Singapore’s tax treaties and EOI arrangements include provisions for the exchange of information for tax purposes. Treaty partners may make a request to the Comptroller of Income Tax for information, or the exchange may take the form of spontaneous EOI or automatic EOI.

Spontaneous EOI

Singapore has committed to spontaneously exchange certain rulings under the agreed framework for the compulsory spontaneous EOI set out in the BEPS Action 5 Report ‘Countering Harmful Tax Practices More Effectively, taking into Account Transparency and Substance’.

International Tax Compliance Agreements

Singapore has also concluded the following international tax compliance agreements and will exchange information pursuant to those agreements as follows:

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)

Singapore has a Model 1 FATCA intergovernmental agreement (IGA) with the United States in place to help ease the compliance burden of Singapore-based financial institutions (SGFIs). All Reporting SGFIs must submit a FATCA Return to the IRAS, setting out the required information in relation to every US Reportable Account.

Common Reporting Standard (CRS)

SGFIs are required to establish the tax residency of all their account holders. Further, they will need to report to the IRAS the requisite information for each Reportable Account relating to tax residents of jurisdictions with which Singapore has a Competent Authority Agreement to exchange information. 

Singapore has also expressed its commitment to commencing automatic exchanges in crypto-assets reporting under the Crypto-Asset Reporting Framework in 2027.

Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

Companies incorporated in Singapore and Singapore branches of foreign companies are required by the Companies Act 1967 to prepare and present financial statements that comply with the Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (SFRS). In Singapore, the  Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) has the statutory authority to issue SFRS for adoption.

The broad policy intention is to adopt the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), however the local economic and business circumstances and context, as well as the entity to which the IFRS would apply is taken into consideration when evaluating the introduction of new IFRS for adoption in Singapore. The SFRS is principally based on and substantially similar to IFRS that are issued by the IASB. Singapore-incorporated companies that have issued, or are in the process of issuing, equity or debt instruments for trading in a public market in Singapore are required to apply Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (International) (SFRS(I)s), Singapore's equivalent of the IFRS. Non-listed companies may voluntarily apply this framework.

Companies are required to submit financial statements as part of their tax return filing. The IRAS generally accepts financial statements prepared for statutory filing, although companies that have been allowed to prepare their financial statements using standards other than SFRS, such as IFRS or the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) adopted by the United States, may be required to explain and/or account for any differences and make the necessary tax adjustments, if any.

Sample corporate tax calculation

Accounting period ended 31 December 2023 (year of assessment 2024).

Net profit before tax per accounts   5,857,500
Singapore dividend (exempt) 1,500  
Foreign-sourced dividend (exempt) 2,200  
Foreign-sourced interest (unremitted) 1,600  
Profit on sale of fixed assets 34,000  
Capital exchange gain 6,750 (46,050)
Depreciation 650,485  
Foreign pension contribution 100,000  
Medical expenses (non-deductible) 500  
Legal fees (capital in nature) 15,500  
Automobile expenses 33,500  
Donations 9,000  
Penalties and fines 2,000 810,985
Adjusted profit before capital allowances   6,622,435
Unutilised capital allowances brought forward 1,152,000  
Capital allowances (current year) 3,000,000  
Balancing charge (7,700) (4,144,300)
Adjusted profit after capital allowances   2,478,135
Less: Unutilised losses brought forward   (67,500)
Adjusted profit after capital allowances and unutilised losses brought forward   2,410,635
Less: Approved donations (250% deduction)   (22,500)
Chargeable income before partial exemption   2,388,135
Less: Partial exemption    
75% of first SGD 10,000 7,500  
50% of the next SGD 190,000 95,000 (102,500)
Chargeable income after partial exemption   2,285,635
Tax thereon at 17%   388,557.95
Less: 50% tax rebate (capped at SGD 40,000) less SGD 2,000 Corporate Income Tax Rebate Cash Grant (38,000)
Net tax payable (after rebate) 350,557.95