Tajikistan

Corporate - Deductions

Last reviewed - 30 June 2022

In general, all business expenses (e.g., materials, payroll) are allowed as a deduction if the expenses are connected with the earning of income, not of a capital nature, and supported by proper documentation.

Depreciation

The deduction for costs related to fixed assets generally is made through depreciation at rates ranging from 4% to 12.5% using the straight-line method.

Intangible assets

The Tax Code allows to deduct expenses on intangible assets if such assets are used for not less than a 12-month period if they have limited useful life. Such assets include, among others, licences, innovative patents, trademarks, agreement on use of legal entity’s name etc. and should be deducted through amortisation.

Start-up expenses

Start-up expenses are not deductible. However, in case of registration of a branch, the head office can deduct expenses related to the creation of such branch.

Interest expenses

Interest deductibility is generally limited to three times the refinancing rate of the National Bank of Tajikistan (currently 13.25%). For certain entities, additional limitations may apply.

Bad debt

A taxpayer is allowed a bad debt deduction in cases where the income associated with such bad debt is already recognised for CIT purposes. Bad debts are deductible when they are written-off in the accounting books. Special provisions apply for banks and other financial institutions.

Charitable contributions

Charitable contributions are allowed for deduction in the amount of actually paid contributions, but not more than 10% of taxable income.

Fines and penalties

Fines and penalties paid to the budget of Tajikistan and other states are not deductible.

Taxes

Taxes paid to the budget of Tajikistan and other states are deductible, except for CIT and individual income tax.

Other significant items

Among other deductions specifically mentioned in the Tax Code are research and development (R&D).

Non-deductible expenses

Non-deductible expenses specifically mentioned by the Tax Code include meals and entertainment, personal expenses, advertising (marketing) expenses exceeding 5% of the taxpayer's total income for the reporting period, passenger vehicles, and non-business expenses.

Net operating losses

Net operating losses may be carried forward for three years but may not be carried back.

Payments to foreign affiliates

No special provisions for deduction of payments to foreign affiliates exist in the Tax Code; consequently, general rules for deductibility of expenses should apply.