New Zealand, a country located in the South Pacific, encompasses two major islands stretching north and south and separated by Cook Strait. Its capital city is Wellington. The two official spoken languages are English and Māori, and the currency is the New Zealand dollar (NZD).
New Zealand's real gross domestic product (GDP) grew by approximately 1.5% in the year ended March 2020. Unemployment of the labour force currently sits at 4.2% but is forecast to rise to as high as 7.8% as a result of the COVID-19 related recession experienced in the third and fourth quarters of FY20. Consumer price index (CPI) inflation has been low over the past couple of years and is expected to remain around 1% to 3% for the next couple of years. Annual inflation is at the higher end of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand's target range of 1% to 3%, and this could rise further in coming years as input cost pressures for firms are building in the form of higher wage costs and fuel prices.
A flat-rate 15% tax applies to all goods and services consumed in New Zealand (GST).
Depending on the industry, average salaries in New Zealand generally range from NZD 45,000 to NZD 55,000, and the minimum hourly wage is NZD 18.90.
PwC New Zealand employs over 1,400 people. The firm, which has offices in Auckland, Waikato, Hawke's Bay, Wellington, and Canterbury, provides a full range of accounting, tax, and business services to leading global, national, and local companies and to public institutions. Our tax services are comprised of the following core areas:
- Corporate tax.
- Certainty and controversy.
- Customs and excise.
- High net worth individuals.
- Indirect taxes.
- International assignment services.
- International tax.
- Tax transaction services.
- Transfer pricing.
- Executive remuneration.
- Tax pooling services.
Over and above our traditional service offerings, PwC New Zealand also has a strong industry focus, with multi-disciplinary teams dedicated to key industry groups in both global and national markets. For our clients, this means the best local knowledge combined with the broadest global experience.
|Corporate income tax (CIT) rates|
|Headline CIT rate (%)||
|Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates|
|CIT return due date||
7 July (for 1 October - 31 March balance dates).
For balance dates between 1 April - 30 September, the due date is the seventh day of the fourth month following balance date.
The filing date for taxpayers linked to a tax agent is extended to 31 March of the following year.
|CIT final payment due date||
7 February (for 31 March - 30 September balance dates).
For other balance dates, terminal tax payments are generally due on seventh day of 11th month following balance date.
The terminal tax due date is extended by two months for taxpayers linked to a tax agent.
|CIT estimated payment due dates||
Under the standard method, provisional tax payments are generally due in three instalments:
(i) 28th day of seventh month before balance date.
(ii) 28th day of third month before balance date.
(iii) 28th day of month following balance date.
|Personal income tax (PIT) rates|
|Headline PIT rate (%)||
33% rising to 39% from 1 April 2021.
|Personal income tax (PIT) due dates|
|PIT return due date||
|PIT final payment due date||
|PIT estimated payment due dates||
|Value-added tax (VAT) rates|
|Standard VAT rate (%)||
Goods and services tax (GST): 15
|Withholding tax (WHT) rates|
|WHT rates (%) (Div/Int/Roy)||
Resident: 33 / 28 / 0;
Non-resident: 30* / 15 / 15;
*See New Zealand's Corporate summary for a description of reduced rates based on shareholder holdings and treaty relief.
|Capital gains tax (CGT) rates|
|Corporate capital gains tax rate (%)||
New Zealand does not have a comprehensive capital gains tax. However, capital gains derived by a company will generally be taxed as dividends on distribution to shareholders, subject to certain exceptions.
|Individual capital gains tax rate (%)||
New Zealand does not have a comprehensive capital gains tax.
|Net wealth/worth tax rates|
|Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)||
|Inheritance and gift tax rates|
|Inheritance tax rate (%)||
|Gift tax rate (%)||