The Philippines is strategically located off the southeastern coast of mainland Asia, with a flying time of four hours or less to most major Asian countries. Its strategic location allowed it to bridge Eastern and Western cultures, producing a rich history of Asian, European, and American influences. The Philippines has been counted as the third-largest English-speaking country in the world. The capital of the Philippines is Manila, and the currency is the Philippine peso (PHP).
The Philippines adheres to the principles of a democratic republican state with a presidential form of government. For 2020, the country’s priority investment areas include all qualified manufacturing activities, including agro-processing; agriculture, fishery, and forestry; strategic services; healthcare and disaster risk reduction management services; mass housing; infrastructure and logistics, including LGU-PPPs; innovation drivers; inclusive business models; environment and climate change-related projects; and energy. The government continues to give tax incentives to investors that do business in the Philippines in these priority areas. 100% foreign ownership remains permissible in many areas of investment, although certain industries are subject to foreign ownership limitation.
The Philippine gross domestic product (GDP) posted a growth rate of -8.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2020, resulting in the -9.5 percent full-year growth rate for 2020. On an annual basis, the growth rates are as follows: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing at -0.2 percent, followed by Services at -9.1 percent, and Industry at -13.1 percent.
PwC in the Philippines (Isla Lipana & Co.) supports clients with the local knowledge and skills of its people and with access to a broad range of other professionals across the PwC global network of firms. Isla Lipana & Co. has provided professional services in the Philippines for almost 100 years. It currently has 31 partners and principals, and more than 1,600 people who are committed to delivering quality in assurance, tax, and advisory services through its main office in Makati City and branch offices in Cebu City and Iloilo City.
|Corporate income tax (CIT) rates|
|Headline CIT rate (%)||
|Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates|
|CIT return due date||
Quarterly return: Within 60 days from the close of each of the first three quarters. Annual return: On or before the 15th day of the fourth month following the close of the taxable year.
|CIT final payment due date||
On the 15th day of the fourth month following the close of the taxable year.
|CIT estimated payment due dates||
Quarterly instalments paid within 60 days after each quarter.
|Personal income tax (PIT) rates|
|Headline PIT rate (%)||
|Personal income tax (PIT) due dates|
|PIT return due date||
|PIT final payment due date||
|PIT estimated payment due dates||
For employees, the Philippines follows the PAYE system, which is carried out by the local employer through the WHT mechanism. Under this system, it is the responsibility of the employer (local company) to withhold and remit taxes on the compensation of its employees on a monthly basis. Further, our tax regulations require an annualisation of income and WHTs to be performed at year end (December).
|Value-added tax (VAT) rates|
|Standard VAT rate (%)||
|Withholding tax (WHT) rates|
|WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)||
Resident: 0 / 10, 15, or 20 / 20;
Non-resident: 15 or 25 / 20 / 25
|Capital gains tax (CGT) rates|
|Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)||
See the Philippines corporate tax summary for capital gain rates.
|Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)||
See the Philippines individual tax summary for capital gain rates.
|Net wealth/worth tax rates|
|Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)||
|Inheritance and gift tax rates|
|Headline inheritance tax rate (%)||
There is no inheritance tax in the Philippines. However, an estate tax of 6% is imposed on the assets of the decedent taxpayer.
|Headline gift tax rate (%)||