Canada

Individual - Significant developments

Last reviewed - 18 June 2021

Canada's individual tax summary reflects all 2021 federal, provincial, and territorial budgets. The summary is based on enacted and proposed legislation and assumes that the proposed legislation will become law. Generally, budget proposals and draft legislation are enacted into law, even with a minority federal government, which is currently the case. For further details of the proposed new individual tax measures noted in the summary, see our Tax Insights '2021 Federal budget: From pandemic to recovery' at www.pwc.com/ca/budget.

Employee stock options

Draft legislation limits the use of the current employee stock option tax regime and moves towards aligning the tax treatment of stock options with the United States for employees of large, long-established, mature firms, effective for stock options granted after 30 June 2021. See Equity compensation in the Income determination section and our Tax Insights 'New rules on the taxation of employee stock options will be effective July 1, 2021' at www.pwc.com/ca/taxinsights for more information. 

Mandatory disclosure rules

The 2021 federal budget proposes to enhance Canada’s mandatory reportable transaction disclosure rules, subject to public consultation, for taxation years beginning after 2021. See Mandatory disclosure rules in the Tax administration section for more information.

Tax debt avoidance

The 2021 federal budget proposes to introduce a new anti-avoidance rule that applies to transfers of property made after 18 April 2021 where, for the purposes of the existing rules dealing with tax debt avoidance, a tax debt will be deemed to have arisen before the end of the taxation year in which the transfer of property occurs if certain conditions are met. See Tax debt avoidance in the Tax administration section for more information.

Mutual fund trust redemptions

Draft legislation addresses deferral and character conversion benefits realised by mutual fund trust unitholders on redemption of their mutual fund trust units, by denying deductions to mutual fund trusts under certain conditions, for taxation years of mutual fund trusts beginning after 18 March 2019. See Capital gains in the Income determination section for more information.

Sales taxes and the digital economy

Draft legislation introduces new Goods and Services Tax/Harmonised Sales Tax (GST/HST) compliance requirements for businesses engaged in various types of e-commerce. The provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Quebec, and Saskatchewan have announced or implemented similar changes to their provincial sales tax regimes. See GST/HST and the digital economy and Provincial retail sales tax (PST) under Consumption taxes in the Other taxes section and our Tax Insights ‘Indirect tax hot topics: Do they impact your business? (8 April 2021)’ at www.pwc.com/ca/taxinsights for more information.

Luxury tax

The 2021 federal budget proposes to implement a luxury tax on sales, for personal use, of luxury cars, boats, and aircraft over certain threshold sales prices, effective 1 January 2022. See Luxury tax in the Other taxes section for more information.

Canadian housing owned by non-residents

The 2021 federal budget proposes to introduce an annual 1% tax, starting in 2022, on the value of non-resident, non-Canadian owned residential real estate property considered to be vacant or underused. The tax will apply to owners other than Canadian citizens or permanent residents. Exemptions are available to those that lease their properties to qualified tenants for a minimum period in a calendar year. See Property taxes in the Other taxes section for more information.