No taxable year other than the calendar year is generally permitted in Colombia.
If one of the following requirements is met, then salaried taxpayers will be compelled to file an income tax return in Colombia:
- The value of the assets owned at 31 December of the current fiscal year exceeds TVU 4,500 (COP 190,854,000 for 2023).
- Credit card charges during the taxable year exceed TVU 1,400 (COP 59,377,000 for 2023).
- The total value of cash purchases exceeds TVU 1,400 (COP 59,377,000 for 2023).
- The total value of bank deposits and other investments exceeds TVU 1,400 (COP 59,377,000 for 2023).
- Income during the taxable year exceeds TVU 1,400 (COP 59,377,000 for 2023).
Please note that if the person is fiscally resident, the mentioned requirements include values in Colombia and abroad.
Tax-filing season usually starts in August (approximately) of each year. The exact deadline is determined by the last two digits of the tax ID number of the taxpayer. Tax filing season is established by an official Decree, generally published in December every year.
Joint returns are not permitted. Income splitting is not allowed.
Payment of tax
There is income tax withholding on employment income. If a balance is due according to the tax return, it must be paid on the due date for filing the return at any bank within the country.