El Salvador

Overview

Last reviewed - 20 December 2019

El Salvador, the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America, is the former site of the ancient Pipil civilisation. It was conquered by Spain in 1524, under whose rule the capital city of San Salvador was founded by Diego de Holguin and Gonzalo de Alvarado in 1525. El Salvador declared its independence from Spain on 15 September 1821 as the Central American Federation, which was dissolved in 1839. El Salvador is a democratic republic governed by a president, and Spanish is the official language. Its currency is the United States dollar (USD).

In general, El Salvador has always adopted an open attitude towards foreign direct investment, and the country is basing its development strategy on a policy of openness to trade, investment, and international competitive pressures.

Growth has been modest in recent years, and the economy has been affected by the global economic crisis. Nevertheless, El Salvador has noteworthy worldwide support. It is the only country in Central America, and one of four nations around the world, selected by the US government to work side-by-side under a collaboration initiative called ‘Partnership for Growth’, which seeks to eliminate barriers to achieve economic development. It is also the only country in the region that has twice received funds from the Millennium Challenge Corporation. This is a significant distinction because only eligible countries that meet strict requirements of good governance, investment in human capital, and economic freedom can receive these funds. This second compact represents USD 365 million in investment, which is being implemented from 2015 onwards to boost the expansion of the marine coastline of the country. It is because of this that several multinational companies have chosen El Salvador as an investment destination.

PwC Inter-America is a regional entity comprised of seven firms: PwC Guatemala, PwC El Salvador, PwC Honduras, PwC Nicaragua, PwC Costa Rica, PwC Panama, and PwC Dominican Republic. Together, we have over 1,000 professionals ready to provide our clients with audit, tax, legal, and consulting services. Inter-America firms are backed by over 40 years of experience rendering a high standard of professional services to the private sector, public sector, and non-profits. PwC El Salvador supports clients with the local knowledge and skills of its people and with access to a broad range of other professionals across the PwC global network of firms.

Quick rates and dates

Corporate income tax (CIT) rates
Headline CIT rate (%)

30

Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates
CIT return due date

30 April

CIT final payment due date

30 April

CIT estimated payment due dates

During the first ten working days of the following month.

Personal income tax (PIT) rates
Headline PIT rate (%)

25 or 30

Personal income tax (PIT) due dates
PIT return due date

Within four months following the end of the tax period.

PIT final payment due date

30 April

PIT estimated payment due dates

Monthly for employment income.

Value-added tax (VAT) rates
Standard VAT rate (%)

13

Withholding tax (WHT) rates
WHT rates (%) (Div/Int/Roy)

Resident: 5 / 0 / 0;

Non-resident: 5 / 10 or 20 / 20;

Non-resident in a tax haven: 25 / 10 or 25 / 25

Capital gains tax (CGT) rates
Corporate capital gains tax rate (%)

10

Individual capital gains tax rate (%)

10

Net wealth/worth tax rates
Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)

NA

Inheritance and gift tax rates
Inheritance tax rate (%)

NA

Gift tax rate (%)

NA

NA stands for Not Applicable (i.e. the territory does not have the indicated tax or requirement)

NP stands for Not Provided (i.e. the information is not currently provided in this chart)

All information in this chart is up to date as of the 'Last reviewed' date on the corresponding territory Overview page. This chart has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only, and does not constitute professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this chart without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this chart, and, to the extent permitted by law, PwC does not accept or assume any liability, responsibility or duty of care for any consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this chart or for any decision based on it.