Last reviewed - 17 January 2023

Pakistan, located in South Asia, is bordered by India to the east, China to the northeast, Afghanistan to the north and west, Iran to the southwest, and the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman to the south. The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which include some of the World’s highest peaks: K2 (8,611 metres) and Nanga Parbat (8,126 metres). The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the west; the Thar Desert and expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab, and Sindh lie to the east. The 1,000 mile long (1,609 km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is divided into 113 districts, with Islamabad as its capital. The official languages of Pakistan are Urdu and English, and the currency is the Pakistani rupee (PKR).

In 1947, British India was divided into two independent countries, namely India and Pakistan. Since independence, the two countries have had some unresolved disputes, in particular the dispute over the territory of Kashmir. Although the dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, discussions and confidence-building measures have helped the two countries to begin working through their issues.

Pakistan executed the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), an agreement with China in 2013 that will bring in investments of 46 billion United States dollars (USD) for construction of 3,000 km of roads joining Kasghar, China with Gawadar Port in Pakistan, developing 1,200 km of new rail lines, upgradation of 3,100 of rail lines, development of 21 new power generation projects, development of 40 industrial parks and economic zones, laying gas pipelines, and many more development projects. Most of the work is in progress. The 18 feet deep sea port, on completion, will have 120 berths, and 300 to 400 tonnes of cargo is expected to be processed annually. This is expected to add approximately 15% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country, generating five million jobs and impacting the lives of 30 million people.

The Pakistani rupee remained stable for a considerable period; however, it has recently started to decline. Pakistan's current account continued to strengthen and foreign exchange reserves stabilised largely because of the significant remittances from workers abroad and realisation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Stand-By Arrangement.

Textiles account for most of Pakistan's export earnings, but Pakistan's failure to expand a viable export base for other manufacturers has left the country exposed to shifts in world demand. However, Generalised System of Preferences (GPS) Plus status granted by the European Union (EU) improved the situation. The floods in 2010, considered to be the worst natural disaster in living human memory, affecting 20 million people, affected the agriculture economy, and continuous war against terror has severally affected the economy and general public life; however, the resilience of the people has overcome the crisis. Other long-term challenges include reducing the fiscal and current account deficits, expanding investment, enhancing electricity production, reducing dependence on foreign donors, and improving governance through an improved political system.

PwC Pakistan employs more than 1,800 professionals offering assurance, tax, and advisory services at multiple locations. Our tax professionals have a strong reputation in developing new ideas and solutions that have helped clients to improve their efficiencies and offer better services. PwC understands the underlying industry and business issues that our clients face, which helps us to customise solutions for their specific needs. In Pakistan, our tax services include direct tax, transfer pricing, and indirect tax.

Quick rates and dates

Corporate income tax (CIT) rates
Headline CIT rate (%)


Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates
CIT return due date

31 December for companies with financial year end 30 June, and 30 September for companies with financial year end 31 December.

CIT final payment due date

31 December for companies with financial year end 30 June, and 30 September for companies with financial year end 31 December.

CIT estimated payment due dates

Quarterly instalments on or before 25 September, 25 December, 25 March, and 15 June.

Personal income tax (PIT) rates
Headline PIT rate (%)


Personal income tax (PIT) due dates
PIT return due date

30 September

PIT final payment due date

30 September

PIT estimated payment due dates

Quarterly instalments on or before 15 September, 15 December, 15 March, and 15 June.

Value-added tax (VAT) rates
Standard VAT rate (%)

For goods:17

For services: Ranges from 13% to 16% depending on the province.

Withholding tax (WHT) rates
WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)

Resident: 15 / 15 / 0;

Non-resident: 15 / 10 / 15

Capital gains tax (CGT) rates
Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)

See Pakistan's corporate tax summary for capital gain rates.

Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)

See Pakistan's individual tax summary for capital gain rates.

Net wealth/worth tax rates
Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)


Inheritance and gift tax rates
Headline inheritance tax rate (%)


Headline gift tax rate (%)


NA stands for Not Applicable (i.e. the territory does not have the indicated tax or requirement)

NP stands for Not Provided (i.e. the information is not currently provided in this chart)

All information in this chart is up to date as of the 'Last reviewed' date on the corresponding territory Overview page. This chart has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only, and does not constitute professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this chart without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this chart, and, to the extent permitted by law, PwC does not accept or assume any liability, responsibility or duty of care for any consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this chart or for any decision based on it.