Vietnam is located in the centre of Southeast Asia with a land area of 331,689 square kilometres. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, and the East Sea to the east. Vietnam is in an ideal position for the development of the economy in general, and trade and tourism in particular. Its capital is Ha Noi, and its currency is the dong (VND). Vietnamese is the national and official language of Vietnam.
The modern day history of Vietnam is perhaps best started by reference to the Geneva Accord signed in 1954, which ended French colonial rule following the conquest in 1858 and partitioned the country into two parts. Since 1986, Vietnam has been carrying out economic reforms under the 'Doi Moi' (Renovation) to move from a central-planned economy maintained from its reunification in 1975 to a market-oriented economy. Since then, Vietnam has recorded important achievements in socio-economic fields and has become one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with average annual gross domestic product (GDP) of 7% during 2015 to 2019. After two years being affected by Covid-19, Vietnam bounced back impressively in 2022 with the GDP growth rate of 2022 of 8.02%, becoming the fastest annual pace since 1997. In 2023, the GDP of Vietnam grew by 5.05% lower than target by one percentage point, but still outpacing many other nations, according to the government. Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in January 2007, following more than a decade-long negotiation process. WTO membership has provided Vietnam an anchor to the global market and reinforced the domestic economic reform process.
Moving forward, Vietnam has its sights set on becoming a developing, upper-middle-income country with modern industry by 2030 and a high income, developed country by 2045. As the nation becomes more integrated with the regional and global economy, we believe that by standing united and acting with greater resolve, the nation will overcome challenges and achieve a new state of normal.
PwC Vietnam established offices in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City in 1994. Over nearly 30 years of operations, PwC Viet Nam has committed to driving sustainable growth within our company and the wider business community. With the strong industry knowledge that our clients require at a local level, we bring a breadth of skills and depth of resources to our clients wherever they do business, throughout Asia and across the world. Our team of around 1,500 local and expatriate staff have a thorough understanding of the economy in which they work and have an in-depth knowledge of Vietnam’s policies and procedures covering areas such as investment, legal, taxation and regulatory matters, accounting, and mergers and acquisitions.
In terms of tax and legal services, PwC Vietnam is a leading provider in Vietnam. Maintaining a separate law firm licensed by Vietnam’s Ministry of Justice enables us to offer comprehensive legal and advisory services. We provide a full range of supports to our clients, including advice and compliance services, customs, transfer pricing, due diligence, and legal services.
We have built strong relationships with key ministries such as the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Planning and Investment, General Department of Taxation, General Department of Customs, etc.
|Corporate income tax (CIT) rates
|Headline CIT rate (%)
|Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates
|CIT return due date
For CIT finalisation, the due date is the last day of the 3rd month of the following financial year.
|CIT final payment due date
The same as the deadline for submission of the final CIT return (i.e. the last day of the 3rd month of the following financial year).
|CIT estimated payment due dates
Quarterly payments must be made no later than the 30th day of the next quarter.
|Personal income tax (PIT) rates
|Headline PIT rate (%)
Resident: Progressive rates up to 35% for employment income;
Non-resident: A flat tax rate of 20% for employment income;
See Vietnam's Individual tax summary for rates for non-employment income.
|Personal income tax (PIT) due dates
|PIT return due date
For employment income, tax has to be declared provisionally on a monthly or quarterly basis by the 20th day of the following month or by the last day of the 1st month following the reporting quarter, respectively.
An annual final tax return must be submitted by the last day of the 3rd month of the following tax year. Expatriates are required to carry out a PIT finalisation on termination of Vietnam assignment.
For employees who submit an annual PIT return via the direct filing method, the deadline is the last day of the 4th month of the following year.
|PIT final payment due date
The deadline for tax payment is the same as the deadline of submission of the annual final tax return.
|PIT estimated payment due dates
The deadline of provisional monthly or quarterly tax payments is the same as the deadline of submission of the monthly or quarterly tax return.
|Value-added tax (VAT) rates
|Standard VAT rate (%)
|Withholding tax (WHT) rates
|WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)
WHT applies to most payments made to foreign organisations and individuals undertaking business or earning income sourced from Vietnam, regardless of the residency status.
WHT rates are nil for dividends. For interest and royalties, please refer to Vietnam's Corporate tax summary.
|Capital gains tax (CGT) rates
|Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)
See Vietnam's Corporate tax summary for capital gains tax.
|Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)
See Vietnam's Individual tax summary for capital gains tax.
|Net wealth/worth tax rates
|Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)
|Inheritance and gift tax rates
|Headline inheritance tax rate (%)
|Headline gift tax rate (%)