Foreign tax relief
Australian-resident individuals (who are not temporary residents) are subject to Australian tax on their worldwide income, with a foreign income tax offset allowed for most foreign income taxes paid to the extent of Australian tax payable on foreign sourced and foreign taxed amounts. Such offsets are, subject to some additional restrictions, also available to non-residents.
Australia has tax treaties with many countries throughout the world. Under the treaties some forms of income are exempt from tax or qualify for reduced rates. These include royalties, dividends, and capital gains.
Below is a list of countries with which Australia currently has a tax treaty:
||Isle of Man *
|British Virgin Islands *
|Cook Islands *
||Marshall Islands *
||Papua New Guinea
* Limited to allocation of taxing rights in respect of certain income derived by specified individuals, such as retirees, government employees, and students.
Australia has also entered into bilateral agreements with a number of countries in relation to the exchange of information in relation to taxes.
Australia has also signed the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (MLI) on 7 June 2017. Legislation to give effect to the MLI has been enacted and ratified so that it applies to ‘covered countries’ (including France, Japan, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom) from as early as 1 January 2019.