The Act on Investment Incentives provides the following relief and incentives for taxpayers.
Investment incentives are usually organised as corporate tax credits applicable for up to ten years upon completion of various conditions.
General incentives apply for investors profit earned as a result of an investment under the following conditions:
|Investment amount (EUR)
||Tax benefit rate (%)
||Necessary to employ (employees)
|150,000 to 1,000,000
|1,000,000 to 3,000,000
|More than 3,000,000
Furthermore, tax benefits are prescribed for micro entrepreneurs. A minimum investment of EUR 50,000 allows tax incentives in the form of a 50% decrease of the tax rate over a period of five years, with a minimum of three new jobs.
Tax benefits cannot exceed the investment amount.
Incentives for investments in technological development and innovation activities, strategic business support activities, and high value-added services
Incentives are available for investments in technological development and innovation activities, strategic business support activities, and high value-added services. High value-added services relate to:
- Creative services (activities in a field of architecture, design, marketing, art, etc.).
- Touristic services (projects related to accommodation facilities with four or more stars; accommodation facilities in cultural and historic buildings; activities for developing health, congress, nautical, and cultural tourism; recreation centres and parks and environmental projects in tourism).
- Managing, consulting, and educational services.
- Industrial engineering services.
These investments allow an additional non-refundable monetary subsidy over the incentive for creating new jobs, as follows:
||Additional non-refundable subsidy (%)
|Technological development and innovation activities
|Strategic business support activities and high value-added services
Additionally, a non-refundable money subsidy for the purchase of equipment in the amount of up to 20% of justified costs related to investment in technological development and innovation activities and strategic business support activities (maximum amount of up to EUR 500,000) can be granted to a company, provided that equipment bought is high technology equipment.
Incentives for investments into capital intensive and work intensive projects
An investment qualifies as capital intensive if the minimum amount of the investments is EUR 5 million and 50 new jobs are created. Those projects can benefit from additional non-refundable subsidies between 10% and 20% of recognised costs of new plants, objects, equipment, and other capital costs, depending on the unemployment rate of the county where located.
Work intensive projects are those with at least 100 new jobs created within a three-year period from the start of the investments project. Initial incentives can be increased by an additional 25% for up to 300 new jobs, 50% for a minimum of 300 new jobs, and up to 100% for 500 new jobs.
Employment subsidies are incentives for creating new jobs and incentives for training required by the new jobs.
Newly created jobs should be kept for at least five years.
|Unemployment rate (%)
||Non-refundable cash subsidy (%)
||Maximum costs per employee (EUR)
|Up to 10
|10 to 20
|More than 20
Incentives for training required by new jobs are also increased, as given in the table below.
||General training (% of non-refundable subsidy)
|Large and when training is provided for employees with disability
|Small and micro
Research and development (R&D) incentives
Registered scientific organisations, centres of scientific excellence, individual scientists, and groups of scientists are entitled to apply for the state subsidies and tax incentives for scientific research, basic research, and applied R&D research.
Depending on the type of research (e.g. scientific, basic, applied research, or technical feasibility) and size of entrepreneur (i.e. small, medium, or large entrepreneur, according to the Accounting Act), the percentage of the costs covered by the state subsidy can vary between 25% and 100%. Additionally, the CIT base can be decreased (depending on the same criteria) by up to 150% of the amount of the costs covered by the state subsidy, where the CIT liability decrease is granted up to the amount of the percentage of the costs covered by the state subsidy.
Foreign tax credit
If a domestic taxpayer has paid tax abroad on profit derived abroad, the tax paid can be included in its CIT return, up to the CIT rate in Croatia. The amount of paid tax abroad, which can be offset with the domestic tax, is calculated in the following way:
- The domestic tax rate is charged on the revenues/profit derived from abroad, and the result represents the highest amount of tax that can be offset with the domestic tax.
In practice, it means that if the amount of tax paid abroad was charged at a rate equal to or lower than 18%, only the actual amount of foreign tax paid can be offset with the domestic tax.