A taxpayer for personal income tax (PIT) purposes is every physical person deriving income.
Resident taxpayers are subject to worldwide taxation in Croatia. Non-resident taxpayers are liable to pay tax in Croatia on Croatian-source income. Non-resident performers (artists, entertainers, athletes) are not required to pay PIT if the fee for their performance is paid to a foreign legal entity and subject to withholding tax (WHT) in line with corporate income tax (CIT) legislation.
Under certain circumstances, an individual can either voluntarily or obligatorily become a corporate income tax (i.e. profit tax) payer instead of a PIT payer.
Personal income tax (PIT) rates
Croatia has progressive tax rates that are applicable to the taxable base in the process of annual assessment of tax liability. The following types of income form part of the so-called 'annual income' that is subject to the process of annual assessment of tax liability:
- Employment income.
- Self-employment income.
- Other income that is not deemed 'final other income'.
Taxable base is calculated by applying prescribed tax deductions and tax allowances (i.e. non-taxable parts of income) to the total amount of annual income.
Tax deductions and tax allowances may, depending on the type of income, also be applied when calculating monthly tax prepayments. The following tax rates and tax bands are used on an annual basis, i.e. in the process of annual assessment of tax liability:
|Annual tax bands (HRK*)||Tax rate (%)|
* Croatian kuna
The following types of income form part of the so-called 'final income' that is not subject to the process of annual assessment of tax liability:
- Income from property and proprietary rights.
- Income from capital.
- Other income relating to the refund of social contributions.
- Other income relating to the difference between taxpayer’s assets and reported sources for financing acquisition of assets.
- Other income in relation to temporary and occasional seasonal work in agriculture.
- Income for which tax liability is determined on a lump-sum basis in line with PIT legislation.
Consequently, the difference between annual and final income is that the final income does not enter into the process of annual assessment of tax liability and the tax paid on the final income is deemed finally paid tax (i.e. final income cannot be subject to additional taxation regardless of the amount of other types of income taxable at the annual level). On the other hand, the annual income is included into the process of annual assessment of tax liability, so the tax prepayments are not necessarily the final tax to be paid on that income in the tax year in question.
Cities and municipalities in Croatia may levy an additional tax, the so-called municipal tax. The decision on the amount of the municipal tax rate lies with the city or municipality officials and is levied according to the individual's place of residence or habitual abode in Croatia. For taxpayers who live in towns where municipal tax is levied, municipal tax is levied as surtax to their PIT liability.
Surtax rates in Croatia range from 0% to 18% (the highest surtax rate is for Zagreb, the capital of Croatia). The base on which surtax is calculated is the amount of tax liability.