Croatia

Overview

Last reviewed - 14 July 2022

Croatia, a parliamentary republic in Central Europe that sits along the Adriatic Sea, is bordered by Slovenia to the north, Hungary and Serbia to the east, and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the south. Croatia is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb, which is also the capital of Croatia. The official language of Croatia is Croatian, and the currency is the kuna (HRK).

Croatia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal social independent state. Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

On 1 July 2013, Croatia became the 28th European Union (EU) member state.

The estimated growth of the Croatian gross domestic product (GDP) in 2021 is, in real terms, higher by 10.2% compared to 2020. The recovery in 2021 is supported by exports of goods and services in the first 11 months of 2021. Merchandise exports grew by 26.5%, which is the third fastest growth in the European Union, due to the good tourist season and personal consumption.

The value of Croatian merchandise exports in 2021 amounted to HRK 143.4 billion, which is a 27.9% increase compared to 2020, while imports increased by 23.2% to HRK 212.5 billion. The coverage of imports by exports in 2021 was 67.5%, and it was 65.0% in the same period in 2020. Looking at the total exports of the Republic of Croatia in 2021, the most exported products were oil and petroleum products (worth HRK 12.4 billion), electrical machinery, appliances, and devices (worth HRK 10.6 billion), and medical and pharmaceutical products (worth HRK 7.6 billion). In the same period in 2021, the most imported products were oil and petroleum products (worth HRK 15.4 billion), road vehicles (worth HRK 13.7 billion), and medical and pharmaceutical products (worth HRK 11.9 billion).

After a general government budget deficit of 7.4% of GDP in 2020, in 2021 a general government deficit of 4.5% of GDP could be realised due to the economic recovery and the phasing out of anti-crisis measures. According to quarterly data on the execution of the consolidated general government budget, in the first half of 2021 there was a budget deficit of HRK 9.3 billion. This achievement is an improvement over the deficit of HRK 15.2 billion in the same period in 2020, which reflects milder anti-pandemic measures, economic recovery, and reduced need for fiscal aid. Observed by quarters, in the first quarter there was a deficit of HRK 4.6 billion, comparable to the same period in 2020, and in the second quarter the deficit amounted to HRK 4.7 billion, which is a noticeable improvement compared to the deficit of HRK 10.8 billion realised in the same period 2020.

In the period from July to September, the growth of economic activity accelerated compared to the previous quarter, and employment growth continued. Although the number of unemployed has decreased, unemployment is still above pre-pandemic levels due to imports of foreign seasonal workers. According to seasonally adjusted data, the number of employees in September increased by 0.4%, as compared to August, while in the period from July to September it increased by 1.0%, as compared to the previous quarter. The biggest contribution to this increase was made by employment outside the public sector. At the same time, the unemployment rate decreased, reaching 7.0% of the workforce according to seasonally adjusted data, with the number of unemployed in September higher than in the same period in 2019.

At the level of the whole year 2021, the average annual rate of consumer price inflation increased to 2.6% (from 0.1% in 2020), the increase in inflation in 2021 is mainly the result of accelerating growth in energy prices. In December 2021, prices of goods and services for personal consumption measured by the consumer price index remained at the same level on average compared to November 2021.

Some of the main macroeconomic indicators in the period from 2017 to 2021 are presented in the figure below.

Macroeconomic indicators 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
GDP (in million HRK, current prices) 367,501 385,337 402,337 370,166 431,454
Annual increase / decrease rate of GDP (%) 3.4 2.8 2.9 -8.4 10.2*
Annual average inflation rate (%) 1.1 1.5 0.8 0.1 2.6
Foreign exchange rate 31 December (HRK= 1 EUR) 7.5136 7.4176 7.4426 7.5369 7.5172
Registered unemployment rate (%) 11.6 9.2 7.6 8.9 8.1

The client base of PwC Croatia includes some of the largest Croatian and multinational companies in Croatia. We have more than 228 professionals in Croatia who are focused on providing innovative advice and solutions. Our teams of local and expatriate professionals have the skills and the experience in all areas of taxation, corporate and personal, direct and indirect, to help clients grow and develop.

Quick rates and dates

Corporate income tax (CIT) rates
Headline CIT rate (%)

18 (10% for companies realising less than HRK 7.5 million in revenues)

Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates
CIT return due date

Within four months of company's year end.

CIT final payment due date

Within four months of company's year end.

CIT estimated payment due dates

Monthly instalments paid by the end of the month for the previous month.

Personal income tax (PIT) rates
Headline PIT rate (%)

30% increased for municipal tax (levied at the rates ranging from 0% to 18%, depending on taxpayer's place of residence).

Personal income tax (PIT) due dates
PIT return due date

End of January or end of February, depending on taxpayer's circumstances.

PIT final payment due date

Generally, 15 days from the day of tax assessment receipt.

PIT estimated payment due dates

Dependent on the income type and taxpayer's circumstances.

Value-added tax (VAT) rates
Standard VAT rate (%)

25

Withholding tax (WHT) rates
WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)

Resident: 0 / 0 / 0 (corporate);

10 / 10 / 20 (individuals);

Non-resident: 10 / 15 / 15 (corporate);

10 / 10 / 20 (individuals);

For further information, see the Income determination section in the Individual summary and the Withholding taxes section in the Corporate summary.

Capital gains tax (CGT) rates
Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)

Capital gains are subject to the normal CIT rate.

Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)

10% increased for municipal tax (levied at the rates ranging from 0% to 18%, depending on taxpayer's place of residence).

Net wealth/worth tax rates
Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)

NA

Inheritance and gift tax rates
Headline inheritance tax rate (%)

4

Headline gift tax rate (%)

4

NA stands for Not Applicable (i.e. the territory does not have the indicated tax or requirement)

NP stands for Not Provided (i.e. the information is not currently provided in this chart)

All information in this chart is up to date as of the 'Last reviewed' date on the corresponding territory Overview page. This chart has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only, and does not constitute professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this chart without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this chart, and, to the extent permitted by law, PwC does not accept or assume any liability, responsibility or duty of care for any consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this chart or for any decision based on it.