Brazil is the world’s fifth largest country. With an estimated population above 211 million, it is one of the world’s most populous countries, after China, India, the United States, Indonesia, and Pakistan.
Brazil is divided into 27 federal units (26 states and the Federal District), including Brasilia as its capital. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, and the currency is the real (BRL).
The Brazilian economy is considered large by almost any standard. Brazil is the eighth largest economy in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations.
Brazil has a diversified economy with strong companies in the agricultural, commodities, industrial, and service sectors; it has one of the biggest middle classes.
Brazil has been considerably affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of economic indicators, with GDP reductions and unemployment rates growing. In terms of GDP, the last available data relates to the third quarter of 2020, where a growth of 7.7% was noted in comparison with the last two quarters of 2020. However, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the overall negative number for 2020 was not yet reversed, considering the major reduction during the second quarter (-9.6%).
Nevertheless, the last quarter numbers available for GDP seem to indicate the end of a 'technical recession' for Brazil, with segments such as industry and services being the main drivers of this recent growth. Further, as of December 2020, accumulated inflation has remained close to the projected range by the Brazilian Central Bank (4%) and largely under control.
Brazil implemented a labour reform in 2017, as well as a social security/pension reform in late 2019. Broader tax reform has been under discussion during most of 2019 and 2020; however, it was suspended in light of the pandemic.
The tax reform has been enthusiastically discussed in order to reform the Brazilian tax system, including direct and indirect taxes in all federative levels. On the direct tax front, a reduction of the corporate income tax (CIT) is expected, while a withholding tax (WHT) on dividends may be created. For indirect taxes, a more streamlined approach, consolidating the various taxes and contributions, is being discussed. Special work has also been done to frame Brazil in the international standards of transfer pricing to reinforce the Brazilian request to enter in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
PwC came to Brazil in 1915. We now have around 3,600 professionals in 15 offices located in almost every region of Brazil. PwC Brazil offers a network of experienced professionals that have expertise in specific economic sectors of industry and accumulated knowledge of business to assist our clients grow and prosper.
PwC's awarded tax team provides tailored solutions for clients doing business in Brazil, who receive trusted advice about the complex local corporate tax environment.
|Corporate income tax (CIT) rates|
|Headline CIT rate (%)||
34 (composed of IRPJ at the rate of 25% and CSLL at the rate of 9%).
|Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates|
|CIT return due date||
Last working day of July.
|CIT final payment due date||
Generally, by the last working day of March of the subsequent year (when IRPJ and CSLL are calculated annually). When IRPJ and CSLL calculations are made on a quarterly basis, the taxpayer can pay the taxes in one single quota, by the last working day of the subsequent month to the end of the quarter, or in three instalments, the first one starting from the subsequent month to the end of the quarter.
|CIT estimated payment due dates||
Normally monthly instalments, but there is an option of quarterly instalment.
|Personal income tax (PIT) rates|
|Headline PIT rate (%)||
|Personal income tax (PIT) due dates|
|PIT return due date||
Last business day of April
|PIT final payment due date||
Last business day of April
|PIT estimated payment due dates||
By the last working day following the month in which the income is received, credited, or paid, whichever occurs first.
|Value-added tax (VAT) rates|
|Standard VAT rate (%)||
Federal VAT (IPI): normally around 10% to 15%;
State sales and service tax (ICMS): normally around 18% to 20% (lower rates apply to inter-state transactions).
|Withholding tax (WHT) rates|
|WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)||
Resident: NA / 15 to 22.5 / NA;
Non-resident: 0 / 15 / 15;
Non-resident companies in tax haven countries: 0 / 25 / 25.
|Capital gains tax (CGT) rates|
|Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)||
34% for legal entities (considered as part of regular income and subject to regular CIT rates).
|Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)||
|Net wealth/worth tax rates|
|Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)||
|Inheritance and gift tax rates|
|Headline inheritance tax rate (%)||
|Headline gift tax rate (%)||