Peru, located on South America's central Pacific coast, is bordered by Brazil and Bolivia to the east, Chile to the south, and Colombia and Ecuador to the north. Peru declared independence in 1821 and is divided into 25 regions, with Lima as its capital. The official language of Peru is Spanish, and the currency is the sol (PEN).
Peru has experienced constant growth in its gross domestic product (GDP) for over a decade, driven mainly by the production and export of commodities. Peru’s expected growth for 2023 is 3.5% due to the increased mining supply, the normalisation of economic activities affected by the pandemic, the recovery of domestic demand, the implementation of measures that will contribute to boosting private and public spending, and the improvement of business confidence. The expected growth in the coming years (2024 to 2026) is 3.3%.
The economy's rate of growth remains as one of the top of the region thanks in large measure to the economic reactivation of commerce and services due to the relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions and the great advance of vaccination. Peru also performs better than the region average in time needed to obtain the municipal license and building safety technical inspection from the district council, which facilitates starting a business.
With the objective to remain one of the leading economies in the region, and in line with its commitment to boost the country’s competitiveness, Peru has also carried out some reforms to improve the business climate and promote foreign investment.
Peru is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), with several bilateral agreements based on most favoured nation treatment on a reciprocal basis. In recent years, Peru’s foreign trade policy has promoted an aggressive trade liberalisation to successfully insert Peru in the global economy. To that end, Peru has signed several trade agreements that aim to further access to the country’s main trading partners, including the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador), Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela), Pacific Alliance (Colombia, Chile, and Mexico), EFTA (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland), the European Union (EU), Australia, Chile, China, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Honduras, Japan, Mexico, Panama, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, the United States (US), and Venezuela.
Peru has also signed trade agreements soon to be effective with Australia, Brazil, Guatemala, and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). It is currently negotiating agreements with El Salvador, India, and Turkey, the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA), and the Doha Development Round.
PwC Peru supports clients with the local knowledge and skills of its people and with access to a broad range of other professionals across the PwC global network of firms. PwC Peru is organised by industries, with a focus on financial services, energy, mining, telecommunications, retail, and government. PwC Peru has tax professionals that offer a wide variety of services, including in the areas of legal consulting, tax compliance, tax consulting, and transfer pricing.
|Corporate income tax (CIT) rates|
|Headline CIT rate (%)||
|Corporate income tax (CIT) due dates|
|CIT return due date||
First week of April.
|CIT final payment due date||
First week of April.
|CIT estimated payment due dates||
12 monthly instalments.
|Personal income tax (PIT) rates|
|Headline PIT rate (%)||
|Personal income tax (PIT) due dates|
|PIT return due date||
Between the last week of March and the first week of April, according to the last number of each taxpayer ID.
|PIT final payment due date||
|PIT estimated payment due dates||
Income tax on remuneration must be withheld by the employer on a monthly basis.
|Value-added tax (VAT) rates|
|Standard VAT rate (%)||
|Withholding tax (WHT) rates|
|WHT rates (%) (Dividends/Interest/Royalties)||
Non-resident: 5 / 4.99 / 30
|Capital gains tax (CGT) rates|
|Headline corporate capital gains tax rate (%)||
Capital gains are subject to the normal CIT rate.
|Headline individual capital gains tax rate (%)||
|Net wealth/worth tax rates|
|Headline net wealth/worth tax rate (%)||
|Inheritance and gift tax rates|
|Headline inheritance tax rate (%)||
|Headline gift tax rate (%)||