United Arab Emirates
With the broader objective of having a simplified yet robust UAE CT regime to reduce the compliance burden for taxpayers, a WHT (currently set at 0%) will apply to certain types of UAE-sourced income derived by non-residents insofar as it is not attributable to a PE of the non-resident. The applicable WHT rate, as well as the categories of income to which WHT applies, may be set out in a decision issued by the Cabinet.
Given the current 0% WHT rate, it is not expected that there will be any registration or filing obligation.
A credit is available for WHT suffered by a taxable person to reduce the CT payable. This WHT credit is limited to the lower of the amount of WHT deducted by the taxable person under the UAE CT Law and the CT due under this law.
Any excess of the WHT credit will be refunded to the taxable person.
Tax treaty network
UAE national or resident individuals and UAE resident companies have access to an extensive and growing double tax treaty (DTT) network. The DTTs could allow for relief from taxation in DTT partner countries. The DTTs currently in force are listed below. A number of other DTTs are at various stages of negotiation and ratification.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0/5/10||0||0/5|
|China, People’s Republic of||0/7||0/7||10|
|Czech Republic||0/5 (1)||0 (1)||10 (1)|
|Korea, Republic of||5/10||0/10||0|
|Singapore||0 (1)||0 (1)||0/5 (1)|
|St. Vincent & the Grenadines||0||0||0|
|Thailand||10 (1)||0/10/15 (1)||15|
|Ukraine||0/5 (1)||0/3 (1)||0/10 (1)|
- This DTT includes a ‘favoured nation’ clause. If this jurisdiction ever concludes a more favourable treaty WHT rate with a country other than the United Arab Emirates, then the more favourable treaty WHT rate will automatically apply to the UAE treaty as well. Note that the above-mentioned rates do not reflect the more favourable DTT rates but only the rates presented in the DTT between the United Arab Emirates and the relevant jurisdiction. The more favourable rates will need to be confirmed separately.
- The UAE-Malaysia DTT provides for a reduced rate of 10% where dividend payments are made from a UAE entity to a Malaysian entity. The DTT, however, provides for a lower rate of 0% where payments are made from a Malaysian entity to a UAE entity.
- Government institutions only.